古銅蒜頭瓶

漢 1世紀 Han dynasty 1th century

高度: 29cm

寬度: 16cm*16cm

此器小口,口外作蒜頭形,細頸,球形腹,高圈足,原為西漢所做,傳至日本後,茶人將其腹部原為墊片處加上黑漆凸顯,並在器身上打磨,並加上生漆與似金箔之物,讓整體皮殼看起來有如宣德爐灑金皮般層次豐富,在歷史與傳承上都極富意義,充滿巧思。
在日本收藏的中國銅器中,有時比較高級的器物上會看見漆塗的痕跡,在許雅慧教授的研究中有提到日本銅器上常出現獨有的打磨痕跡,是為了顯示出銅器的熟坑感,才將其磨平以便盤玩,而在唐物茶入也常會用生漆修補,有時為了讓他呈現整體的瑩潤感,也會將整個唐物茶入上滿生漆,綜合上述,我們可以知道在當時日本茶人確實會著手改造器物的表層,讓器物產生符合審美的呈現。

蒜頭壺流行於戰國晚期至西漢中期,其最大特點就是壺口部有形似「多重蒜瓣」的凸出部。作為秦文化代表器物之一的蒜頭壺,隨著戰國末期秦統一天下的戰爭傳播到全國各地,進入西漢以後仍然沿用,但形制稍有不同,秦代蒜頭壺垂腹稍圓,西漢早期變化為腹變扁,呈扁圓狀。目前發現的漢代蒜頭壺,基本上都屬於西漢中早期。

This vessel has a small mouth, a garlic head shape, a thin neck, a spherical belly, and a high ring foot. It was originally made in the Western Han Dynasty. After it was spread to Japan, tea men added black lacquer to the belly gasket of the utensil to highlight the texture, polished and added raw lacquer and gold-like things to make the overall leather shell look like Xuande furnace’s golden skin rich in layers. It is meaningful in history and inheritance, full of ingenuity.

Among the Chinese bronzes collected in Japan, there are traces of lacquer coating on some high-grade objects. From the research of Pf. Xu Yahui, she mentioned that Japanese bronzes often own unique grinding marks due to smoothed could let antiques be appreciated better. In Karamono Tea Caddies, raw lacquer is often used to repair. In order to make utensils shiny, the whole Karamono Tea Caddies will be covered with raw lacquer. Based on the above, we could know Japanese tea men would transform utensils’ surface layer for aesthetics sake.

The garlic head vessel was popular from the late Warring States period to the middle period of the Western Han Dynasty. As one of the representative artifacts of Qin culture, the techniques of making garlic head vessel spread with wars during Qin’s conquering tour, still used in the Western Han Dynasty, but the shapes were slightly different.The garlic head vessel in the Qin Dynasty had a slightly rounded belly, and in the early Western Han Dynasty, the belly became flat and oblate. The Han Dynasty garlic head vessels found so far basically belong to the middle and early Western Han Dynasty.

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